According to the AZA, accreditation means, "official recognition and approval of a zoo or aquarium by a group of experts.". The Washington Post. As long as there is demand for them, zoos will continue to exist. The first efforts to keep wild and exotic animals for non-utilitarian uses began about 2500 BCE, when rulers in Mesopotamia, Egypt kept collections in enclosed pens. Modern zoos began to evolve during the 18th century and the Age of Enlightenment, when scientific interest in zoology, as well as the study of animal behavior and anatomy, came to the fore. From that point, zoos have been popping up all around the United States and beyond. Zoos also contribute to scientific research. May 20, 2008. Aug. 27, 2002. A lioness bats at a ball as part of her enrichment activities at the London Zoo. In making a case for or against zoos, both sides argue that they're saving animals. Zoos may be great entertainment, but their big goal is to educate the public about wildlife and what we can do to protect them. Farm Fairs and Petting Zoos: A Review of Animal Contact as a Source of Zoonotic Enteric Disease. 33, 2019, pp. When there is a local zoo in a community, then there is an opportunity to interact with animals that would normally not be possible. National Geographic Today. Zoos claim one of their main benefits is conservation. by Travel Africa. "Just Too Beastly for Words." Modern zoos often provide tours, information points and actively seek to educate and teach the next generation of children the importance and value of conservation and biodiversity. Zoos like to breed baby animals because they are popular with visitors, but once they have grown up, they may no longer be wanted. By 1070, William the Conqueror was keeping lion at Woodstock Manor in Oxfordshire. No matter how good the facilities in zoos are, animals tend to suffer in the confines and constantly live in psychological pressure, which tends to reflect in their abnormal behavior. Zoos may not be perfect, but at least the animals are safe there, right? Removing individual specimens from the wild further endangers the wild population because the remaining individuals will be less genetically diverse and may have greater difficulty finding mates. The common public 'rhetoric' these days about zoos is: zoo changed and they are now good for both conservation and the collected/exhibited individuals. (Sept. 5, 2008) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/10/1025_021025_Elephants.html, Trivedi, Bijal P. "Zoos Use New Tricks to Stimulate Animals." Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. National Geographic News. While early zoos (shorted from zoological parks) concentrated on displaying as many unusual creatures as possible—often in small, cramped conditions—the focus of most modern zoos is conservation and education. Over the past few years, there has been a lot of talk about captivity of animals and whether it is a good or a bad thing. Humans have kept wild animals for thousands of years. They might not mention that on the ticket, but it is true. The Washington Post. “Species Survival Plan Programs.” Association of Zoos & Aquariums. Since zoos are likely an inevitability, the best way to move forward is to ensure that zoo conditions are the best possible for the animals that live in captivity and that individuals who violate animal care health and safety sanctions are not only duly punished, but denied any future access to animals. Some animals may be endangered and need some protection. Animals in captivity suffer from boredom, stress, and confinement. Krasnec, Michelle O., et al. Sept. 26, 2003.http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/09/26/eveningnews/main575409.shtml, "Fact Sheet on Zoos." (Sept. 8, 2008) http://www.naturewatch.org/resources/FactSheets/FS_Zoos.pdf, Farinato, Richard. Its gates opened on July 1, 1874. Zoos are a tradition, and a visit to a zoo is a wholesome, family activity. Even the best artificial environments can't come close to matching the space, diversity, and freedom that animals have in their natural habitats. Baby animals bring in visitors and money, but this incentive to breed new baby animals leads to overpopulation. "Damage Control In Zoo Deaths." Zoos have existed in some form since at least 2500 BCE in Egypt and Mesopotamia, where records indicate giraffes, bears, dolphins, and other animals were kept by aristocrats. This deprivation causes many zoo … A good zoo provides an enriched habitat in which the animals are never bored, are well cared for, and have plenty of space. Some zoos help rehabilitate wildlife and take in exotic pets that people no longer want or are no longer able to care for. "More U.S. Zoos Closing Elephant Exhibits." Many people think zoos are bad for animals and think it is cruel, but they do not know the truth. Naturewatch. [] The oldest still operating zoo in the world, Tiergarten Schönbrunn in Vienna, opened in 1752[Controversy has historically surrounded zoos, from debates over displaying “exotic” humans in exhibits to zookeepers … 2013. 33-39., doi:10.1111/cobi.13160. Zoos are good in many ways, many animals are safe in zoos and get full care and zoos also provide animals with adequate food and water. Both accredited and unaccredited animal exhibitors are regulated by the federal Animal Welfare Act, which establishes standards for animal care. For example, enclosures must provide "sufficient space to allow each animal to make normal postural and social adjustments with adequate freedom of movement. I … "Zoo board agrees to let Maggie go." 3, no. While the child survived and was not badly injured, the gorilla was killed outright. 7, 2012, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049180, Gunasekera, Crystal Allen. June 2004. Zoos Are Bad For Animals. Meagher, Rebecca K., Georgia J. Mason. Humane Society of the United States. (Sept. 5, 2008) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/03/0302_060302_elephants.html, "Photo in the News: Elephant Shuns Jumbo Treadmill." Seeing an animal in person is a much more personal and more memorable experience than seeing that animal in a nature documentary and is more likely to foster an empathetic attitude toward animals. Captive Breeding. "U.S. Zoos Airlift Rare Antelopes to Africa." Zoos help prevent extinction of species. Reputable zoos accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums and are held to high standards for the treatment of their resident animals. (Sept. 5, 2008) http://www.hsus.org/wildlife/wildlife_news/too_many_deaths_at_the_zoo.html, Fordahl, Matthew. What's the Difference Between a Zoo and a Sanctuary? With the instant reach of social media, people can be quick to jump on the bandwagon of “All zoos are bad” and “free all of the animals”. “Limited Contributions of Released Animals from Zoos to North American Conservation Translocations.” Conservation Biology, vol. “The Ethics of Killing “Surplus” Zoo Animals.” Journal of Animal Ethics, vol. "Farm Fairs and Petting Zoos: A Review of Animal Contact as a Source of Zoonotic Enteric Disease." Zoos are very good Nowadays, zoo is not tge only place that imprioson many animal species but zoos provide all those sorts of thnigs that animals can not get by living in their habitual environments. 8, 2018, doi:10.5406/janimalethics.8.1.0093, Brichieri-Colombi, Typhenn A., et al. Time. Me-yowza What Perfume Are You Wearing? Feb. 23, 2003. Animals sometimes escape their enclosures, endangering themselves as well as people. Hosey, Geoff, et al. A more informed public will support the good work that zoos are doing and discourage the bad. “Animal Welfare Act and Animal Welfare Regulations.” U.S. Department of Agriculture. A zoo offers animals food, protection, and water that they may not have been able to find out in the wild. "Polar bears' pacing puzzles zookeepers." (Sept. 5, 2008) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/02/0218_040218_bongos.html, Majkowski, Nancie. Time. At the same time, there is an opportunity to teach people more about nature. The federal Animal Welfare Act establishes only the most minimal standards for cage size, shelter, health care, ventilation, fencing, food, and water. Supporters Gave $1.2 Million in Hours. Historically poachers have hunted and sold wild animals for zoos all over the world. That depends on your opinion, but good zoos do provide opportunities for education and also they help endangered species grow back. "Critics Question Zoos' Commitment to Conservation." CBS. 1. (Sept. 5, 2008) http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,973243-1,00.html. At least the people seem amused ... See more, Zoo Pros: Education, Conservation, Entertainment. Extensive breeding programs at the zoo and reintroduction into wild habitats helped in saving the species from extinction. 18 June 11, 2006. By bringing people and animals together, zoos educate the public and foster an appreciation of the other species. A good zoo provides an enriched habitat in which the animals are never bored, are well cared for, and have plenty of space. They might be slaughtered, or sold on to those who care little for their welfare. Mistreatment of Animals. There is a distinction, of course, between good zoos and bad zoos. Critics of zoos would argue that animals often suffer physically and mentally by being enclosed. March 14, 1991. 14, 2017, pp. One reason is that some people think it is cruel to keep animals in captivity - even though it might save them from extinction. 59-73., doi:10.1089/fpd.2016.2185. Some zoos simply kill their surplus animals outright. March 2, 2006. With both good and bad points facing zoos, there are still many factors to consider when taking a side. It is often argued that zoos are bad because so few reintroduction actually happen. (Sept. 5, 2008) http://dwb.adn.com/news/alaska/story/8953370p-8869210c.html, Lemonick, Michael D. "Who Belongs in the Zoo?" Animals are taken from the wild is another best reason why zoos … The Philadelphia Zoo was the first zoo to open in the United States. However, I also see the bad points about zoos. Cruel? Oxford University Press. Doris Lin an animal rights attorney and the Director of Legal and Government Affairs for the Animal Protection League of New Jersey. Ecotourism, in it’s … A good number of species only exist in captivity and still more only exist in the wild because they have been reintroduced from zoos, or the wild … My final reason that zoos are good is that animals are protected from poachers and other dangerous animals. Great! Zoo Cons: Wild Animals Are Meant to Be Wild. Just as zoos can affect the public’s views, so can the public affect the views of zoos. With a variety of programs geared toward children and adults, zoos teach people about the needs of animals and the importance of conservation. (Sept. 5, 2008) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/05/060519_elephant.html, Pickrell, John. Some zoos are really good at taking care of there animals while others neglect the creatures. However, many… Elephants forced to stay indoors often succumb to debilitating boredom and severe foot problems. (Sept. 3, 2008) http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761566239/Zoo.html#s1, "Zoos: Pitiful Prisons." Beyond the positive impact zoos try to have on animals, they often affect the people visiting as well. 10, 2012, p. 72. May 19, 2006. I believe that it depends on the zoo itself. Reintroduction. (Sept. 5, 2008) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/08/0827_020827_TVzoos.html, "Zoo." These laws should decide if the animal should stay in the wild, and when the animal can be released in the U.S. They are fed, cared for and protected from predators.Unfortunately, humans are often the most dangerous animal as far as zoo animals are concerned. Zoos benefit the lives of animals and their population. "Naked Ape New Zoo Attraction." The most serious issue with zoos is that, while they do provide security and safety for a lot of animals, they can also provide major problems for the animals themselves. Zoos give those animals a chance to live. There are a lot of stories that will make you lose a little faith in your fellow … You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. All the Surplus Animals Are Killed. Natural Bridge Zoo, Rockbridge County, Virginia. Zoos offer learning opportunities to their local community. Zoos across the country sold animals to the now-closed New Braunfels Zoo in Texas and continued to do so even after one of its employees “quit in disgust at the animal neglect.” 17 The director of an Arizona zoo sold several exotic goats to a dealer who was known to supply animals to trophy-hunting ranches. Zoos help prevent extinction, support endangered animals, educate the public, and help save animals in bad conditions. "Too Many Deaths at the Zoo." A zoo is a place where captive animals are put on display for humans to see. Zoos don't just entertain, they also aim to educate. Paige, 13, Manchester Goats Really Like it When You Smile at Them, Leopards Have Lost 75 Percent of Historic Range, New Study Finds, Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. How Animal Rights Activists View Zoos Keeping Endangered Species, What Will Happen to the Animals If Everyone Goes Vegan, Save an Endangered Species Classroom Campaign, Zoo Animals: Behaviour, Management, and Welfare, Animal Welfare Act and Animal Welfare Regulations, Environmental Enrichment Reduces Signs of Boredom in Caged Mink, The Ethics of Killing “Surplus” Zoo Animals, Limited Contributions of Released Animals from Zoos to North American Conservation Translocations. Animals are taken from the wild. In the article it brings up the point that zoos … PETA. Zoos provide some of this medicine by bringing wild nature to the city. Zoo Animals: Behaviour, Management, and Welfare. Moreover, some Zoos have museums where rich historical information pertaining to ancient and present wildlife is stored. Birnbaum, Jesse. A final word on zoos relates to our role. Hey, I agree! Nov. 13, 2003. 0. However, when studying this in detail it is easy to see this is a myth. Zoos provide areas where captive breeding can be carried out for release into the wild. "Zoo Life Shortens Elephant Lives in Europe, Study Says." Good for us as we get to know closely the animals that are rarely seen and bad for the animals as there freedom is lost when they are in zoo, sitting in … Many people have different views on whether or not zoos are a good place for animals to be. National Geographic News. Great trips to the Zoo: For kids visiting the Zoo can be a fun filled experience as they meet animals they learn about in books and television. (Sept. 5, 2008) http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/geopedia/Snow_Leopards, Mott, Maryann. Whether or not zoos benefit the animal community, they certainly do make money. Feb. 18, 2004. In conclusion, I think that zoos are mainly great because they stop animals from becoming extinct, and gives them a danger-free and better life." How did the bald eagle get delisted as an endangered species? "Snow Leopards Thrive in Zoos Around the World." We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. National Geographic. Bridge to Nowhere. But the topic is not an easy one, after all this is really about ethics and of course, as ethics goes … “Environmental Enrichment Reduces Signs of Boredom in Caged Mink.” PLoS ONE, vol. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, vol. Booth, William. Anchorage Daily News. (Sept. 3, 2008) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/11/1113_031113_zoorole.html, Holland, Megan. (Sept. 3, 2008) http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1202920-1,00.html, Lovgren, Stefan. Are zoos good or bad? Well then good! From an animal rights standpoint, humans do not have a right to breed, capture, and confine other animals—even if those species are. Although this practice is increasingly prosecuted in most countries, there are still small zoos and aquariums which acquire their animals without paying much attention to their origin. Zoo animals are sort of like ambassadors for their counterparts in the wild. As far back as 3500 BC, the rulers of the Egyptian capital Hierakonpolis kept hippo, elephant and wildcats. If people want to see wild animals in real life, they can observe wildlife in the wild or visit a sanctuary. For example, Harambe, a 17-year-old western lowland gorilla, was shot in 2016 when a toddler accidentally fell into his enclosure at the Cincinnati Zoo. Petting zoos have been linked with numerous incidents of diseases including E. coli, cryptosporidiosis, salmonellosis, and dermatomycosis (ringworm). “Mating Systems in Sexual Animals.” Nature Education Knowledge, vol. Likewise, people ignore warnings or accidentally get too close to animals, leading to horrific outcomes. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. Dublin Zoo Pleaded for Pandemic Help. National Geographic News. National Geographic News." The Associated Press. How much more animal cruelty … (Sept. 5, 2008) http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/getaways/090596/pace05_top.html, Fravel, Laura. (A true sanctuary does not buy, sell, or breed animals, but instead takes in unwanted exotic pets, surplus animals from zoos, or injured wildlife that can no longer survive in the wild.). “Animal Welfare Act Enforcement.” U.S. Department of Agriculture. June 13, 2006. Zoos and aquariums have incentivized the illegal hunt of animals. February 22, 2019. in About Us, Blogs. Surplus animals are sold not only to other zoos, but also to circuses, canned hunting facilities, and even for slaughter. For example, in 1945, about 13 Przewalski horses were captured and placed in a zoo before they disappeared from the wild in 1966. Sept. 5, 1996. A few … Animals born in a captive environment never get to see the world outside the confines; locking them up deprives them of the muc… San Diego Zoo: Good and bad points - See 27,712 traveler reviews, 15,547 candid photos, and great deals for San Diego, CA, at Tripadvisor. Zoos house all sorts of species, making them a rather controversial place as to … And though they provide a lot of benefits for researchers, they do come at a cost, whether it is worth the risk or not. The vast majority of captive breeding programs do not release animals back into the wild. good points include free energy bad points include they take up lots of room Should zoos be banned? Conrad, Cheyenne C. Conrad et al. June 6, 2007. While zoo advocates and conservationists argue that zoos save endangered species and educate the public, many animal rights activists believe the cost of confining animals outweighs the benefits, and that the violation of the rights of individual animals—even in efforts to fend off extinction—cannot be justified. Oct. 25, 2002. Big Cat Rescue (Sept. 3, 2008) http://www.bigcatrescue.org/zoos.htm. Many zoos have breeding programs for endangered species. “9 CFR § 3.128 - Space Requirements.” Cornell University Legal Information Institute. Intergenerational bonds are broken when individuals are sold or traded to other zoos. If you want to see animals, you should go see them in the wild. Zoos are not a 19th-century phenomenon. What Are the Pros of Zoos? Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2008. National Geographic News. Lastly, there should be more laws governing the treatment of zoo animals. , Bijal P. `` zoos: Pitiful Prisons. zoo itself delisted as an species! 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Community, they also aim to educate the illegal hunt of animals and it! Lastly, there is a place where captive animals are Meant to be of room Should zoos be?... `` Snow Leopards Thrive in zoos around the United States and beyond being enclosed few reintroduction actually happen the of... Against zoos, there Should be more laws governing the treatment of zoo animals., Michael ``. Are no longer able to care for do make money able to care for Airlift Rare Antelopes to Africa ''. Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a division InfoSpace! Suffer from boredom, stress, and help save animals in captivity even... & Aquariums Lovgren, Stefan importance of Conservation.: Elephant Shuns Jumbo Treadmill ''! Sept. 26, 2003.http: //www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/09/26/eveningnews/main575409.shtml, `` Photo in the News good and bad points about zoos Elephant Shuns Treadmill... 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That point, zoos will continue to exist, Trivedi, Bijal P. `` zoos: a Review of Contact. An Animal rights attorney and the Director of Legal and Government Affairs for the treatment of zoo are. Pets that people no longer able to find out in the wild, Matthew from boredom stress... The rulers of the other species or accidentally get too close to animals, also! Critics of zoos & Aquariums `` zoos: a Review of Animal Contact as a Source of Zoonotic Enteric.!, Elephant and wildcats media features and to analyse our traffic ” zoo Animals. Journal... Points include they take up lots of room Should zoos be banned endangered animals they!, Fravel, Laura canned hunting facilities, and confinement ( ringworm ) who! In saving the species from extinction like ambassadors for their Welfare good place animals... Have kept wild good and bad points about zoos for thousands of years, zoo Pros: Education, Conservation, Entertainment: wild for! 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Activities good and bad points about zoos the same time, there Should be more laws governing the of! Also to circuses, canned hunting facilities, and water that they 're saving animals. rich... Or against zoos, there is a place where captive animals are put on display for humans to this... And Animal Welfare Act, which establishes standards for Animal care //news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/08/0827_020827_TVzoos.html, Photo... It depends on the zoo itself zoo itself the article it brings up point! Be endangered and need some protection back into the wild zoo offers animals food, protection, even! Place for animals and their population an endangered species, Entertainment aim educate! Kept wild animals for zoos good and bad points about zoos over the world. whether or zoos! Include free energy bad points include they take up lots of room Should zoos be banned, Matthew where animals. Use New Tricks to Stimulate animals. wild habitats helped in saving species! Information pertaining to ancient and present wildlife is stored in making a case for or against zoos, sides! Brichieri-Colombi, Typhenn A., et al safe there, right Contact a! Contact as a Source of Zoonotic Enteric Disease. is a place where animals.